INTRODUCTION: In this study, it was aimed to evaluate the effect of structured short motivational interviewing in exercise and diet-related behavioral changes in type 2 diabetes patients in primary care.
METHODS: Participants were divided into control and intervention groups. The study was single-blinded, and only the researchers know the participants in each group. The intervention group received a motivating in-terview-based intervention a total of 4 times in the 1st month of the study and followed up in the 3rd month. The control group was followed by family physicians and evaluated at 3 months without any motivational intervention. One-week pedometer, international physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ2) scores, daily calorie intake, EuroQol (EQ5D), multidimensional diabetes questionnaire (MDQ), and motivational assessment scale were used at the beginning of the study and the 3rd-month follow-up.
RESULTS: The study included 84 (51.5%) participants in the intervention group and 79 (48.5%) patients in the control group. There was a significant difference between the control and intervention groups in terms of a 1-week pedometer (2785.0 [1002.07240.0] step/day vs. 5231.0 [1364.011827.0] step/day, p<0.001), IPAQ2 scores (0.0 [0.01056.0] vs. 495.0 [0.01396.0], p<0.001), EQ5D scale total scores (5.0 [5.010.0] vs. 5.0 [5.08.0], p=0.006), and MDQ scale total scores (607.0 [244.0847.0] vs. 730.0 [235.0847.0], p<0.001) at the 3rd-month follow-up.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: A structured motivational interviewing model that can be used in primary care may be effective in developing lifestyle changes in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.