INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to investigate the effect of sleep hygiene training on sleep quality among smokers.
METHODS: A randomized controlled study was planned between May and November 2017 at a tertiary hospitals family medicine clinics. First, treatment-seeking smokers with poor sleep quality were included in the study. Subsequently, patients randomized to the order of the study sample patient list were divided into sleep hygiene training intervention (n=50) and control (n=50) groups. A comparison between the first Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) score (before education) and final score (after education) of the two groups was evaluated.
RESULTS: This study included 59 (59.0%) men, with a mean age of 35.8±10.6 years. The first and final PSQI scores were 7.1±2.6 and 7.1±2.5, respectively. No significant change was found in the PSQI score of control and intervention groups (p=0.317 and p=0.083, respectively). Also, no relationship was found between daily smoking with first and last PSQI scores (p=0.051 and p=0.052, respectively).
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Although no significant change was found in the sleep quality in the quitting process of smokers with hygiene education, this result showed that not only sleep hygiene training is needed, but also holistic behavioral therapy methods.